Revealed on September 1, 2021
Revealed September 1, 2021
Have you ever ever tried to efficiently tablet a cat earlier than? Figuring out how exhausting it’s to tablet cats, it appears ironic that our feline mates will electively eat some human drugs on their very own! So, what widespread over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription drugs are poisonous to cats? Maintain studying to seek out out why try to be cautious relating to leaving drugs mendacity round the home.
Which OTC & Prescription Drugs Most Generally Poison Cats?
The ASPCA Animal Poison Management Heart (APCC), the one non-profit poison management heart on this planet, receives over 250,000 calls a yr. Lately, they launched their high 10 poisons affecting canine and cats. Whereas 90% of their calls contain canine (as cats typically have discriminating palates and don’t “woof” issues down the way in which canine do!), 10% comprise poisoning calls about cats.
Whereas poisonings in cats is much less widespread, needless to say feline poisonings will be extra extreme! That’s as a result of cats have an altered liver metabolism (e.g., glucuronidation) and might’t break down chemical compounds, medication, and drugs in addition to canine can. That signifies that issues that aren’t toxic to canine could also be toxic—and even lethal—to cats.
As an emergency essential care veterinary specialist and toxicologist, the highest 10 OTC and prescription drugs that I generally see poisoning cats within the veterinary ER are:
- Antidepressants (e.g., Effexor™)
- Amphetamines (e.g., ADD/ADHD drugs like Adderall™)
- Ibuprofen (e.g., Advil™, Motrin™)
- Naproxen (e.g., Aleve™)
- Acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol™)
- Triple antibiotic ointment (e.g., Neosporin™)
- Topical lotions (e.g., estrogen lotions, diaper rash lotions, and many others.)
- Bismuth subsalicylate (e.g., Pepto-Bismol™)
- Chewable veterinary NSAIDs (e.g., Rimadyl™, Deramaxx™)
Surprisingly, one of many high prescription drugs munched on by cats are human antidepressant drugs. Antidepressants, generally referred to as SSRIs or selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors, have an effect on the serotonin ranges within the physique. For some uncommon cause, cats appear to be drawn to the odor or taste of SSRIs—significantly Effexor. Different widespread antidepressants embody manufacturers similar to Prozac™, Zoloft™, and Cymbalta™, all which will be fairly toxic to cats. Sadly, antidepressants will be fairly harmful when ingested, and end in indicators of lethargy, vomiting, tremors, seizures, hyperthermia, and diarrhea. With therapy, the prognosis is superb.
Notice: Fluoxetine (e.g., Prozac) could also be prescribed by veterinarians to deal with behavioral issues in cats or canine. Nonetheless, the dose is often minimal in comparison with human dosage of this remedy—so, please, by no means give your pet Prozac with out speaking to your vet!
ADD or ADHD drugs like Adderall sometimes comprise amphetamines which stimulate the physique techniques. These can lead to comparable poisoning indicators of SSRI antidepressants. When cats unintentionally ingest even one tablet of an amphetamine, it will probably trigger agitation, dilated pupils, hyperactivity, a racing coronary heart fee, hypertension, and even tremors or seizures with excessive doses. Remedy for amphetamine poisoning is just like antidepressant poisoning, and sometimes contains decontamination, IV fluids, sedation, blood stress and coronary heart fee monitoring, muscle relaxants, and anti-seizure remedy. Fortunately, the prognosis is superb with therapy in case your cat unintentionally received into this generally prescribed human remedy, however it does sometimes require 12-24 hours of hospitalization for therapy.
OTC Ache Drugs
Are you able to give cats ibuprofen? No. Widespread family ache drugs similar to ibuprofen, naproxen, and aspirin all belong to a category of medication referred to as non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs). When doubtful, by no means give ache remedy to your cat with out consulting a veterinarian or the ASPCA APCC. That’s as a result of these ache drugs—whereas very protected for people to take—can doubtlessly be deadly to a cat. Even 1/2 a pill of ibuprofen can lead to extreme acute kidney failure and abdomen ulcers. In case your cat received into an NSAID, therapy sometimes contains decontamination, hospitalization for 48 hours for IV fluid remedy, anti-vomiting remedy, each day blood work, antacids, and supportive care. Fortunately, with immediate therapy, the prognosis is nice so long as your cat doesn’t develop kidney damage from it.
Are you able to give a cat Tylenol? Once more, no! Acetaminophen—which is named paracetamol in different nations—is a typical OTC and prescription human remedy. But it surely ought to by no means be utilized in cats: 1 tablet (sometimes containing 325 mg of acetaminophen) can kill a cat. Acetaminophen causes a chemical change to your cat’s hemoglobin (which is what helps carry oxygen inside your cat’s purple blood cells). Indicators of acetaminophen poisoning in cats embody atypical swelling of the face and paws, problem respiratory, a chocolate to blueish colour to the gums of the mouth, lethargy, vomiting, and loss of life. Fortunately, acetaminophen poisoning has a prescription-strength antidote referred to as n-acetylcysteine, however it requires immediate therapy to work. Different therapy contains IV fluids, oxygen, anti-vomiting remedy, blood work monitoring, and supportive care. Fortunately, the prognosis is nice with 48 hours of hospitalization.
Triple Antibiotic Ointment
Earlier than you attain for triple antibiotic ointment like Neosporin to place in your cat’s pores and skin wound, assume once more. Whereas uncommon, cats can develop a extreme, life-threatening anaphylactic response to the components inside triple antibiotic ointment. This is among the the reason why veterinary professionals not often prescribe it—even for ophthalmic use! When doubtful, NEVER use your personal remedy—or one other pet’s remedy—in your cat with out consulting your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Management Heart.
Different topical lotions additionally pose potential poisoning dangers to pets when ingested. As some cats like to groom and lick their house owners, persistent poisoning can unintentionally happen. This could, for instance, end in uncommon circumstances of estrogen poisoning (from menopausal hormone lotions). With different topical lotions similar to diaper rash lotions, profuse gastrointestinal indicators will be seen. Much less widespread topical lotions (such because the topical chemotherapeutic, 5-FU) will be lethal with only a few licks. When doubtful, hold these OTC and prescription tubes out of attain, and don’t let your cat lick the place you apply remedy onto your self!
One of many components in OTC Pepto-Bismol or Kaopectate will be toxic to your cat—particularly when used chronically. This aspirin-like compound could cause gastric ulcers and even kidney failure, and as little as half a tablespoon will be toxic to cats.
Chewable Veterinary NSAIDs
As a veterinarian, I could prescribe sure drugs (like Rimadyl or Deramaxx) on your canine or cat which might be protected on the appropriate dosage. Nonetheless, in case your cat will get into your giant canine’s remedy, it may be harmful. When do I see cats entering into these drugs? Once you put your canine’s tablet in a Tablet Pocket™ and go away it on the counter or throw a chewable tablet in your canine’s kibble (solely to have your cat stroll by and eat it). When doubtful, hold veterinary drugs out of attain simply as you’d human drugs. As with human NSAIDs, therapy on your cat sometimes contains decontamination, hospitalization for 48 hours for IV fluid remedy, anti-vomiting remedy, each day blood work, antacids, and supportive care. With immediate therapy, the prognosis is nice so long as your cat doesn’t develop kidney damage.
So many generally used human drugs in the home pose a poisoning threat to your cat. Should you assume your cat was poisoned, name your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Management Heart (888-426-4435) instantly for life-saving recommendation! Needless to say you can’t induce vomiting in cats at residence safely, so more often than not, an emergency go to is a should! When doubtful, you wish to make sure that your family is appropriately pet-proofed so we are able to shield our feline relations.