The squad not too long ago acquired explosives and narcotics scent kits from an American firm, Scentlogix, costing Rs 23 lakh. “Scent kits give off the odour of explosives or medicine however don’t include the substance itself. This bypasses the procedural points and potential for misuse that may exist if we used precise explosives or narcotic medicine,” mentioned Vikas Sahay, director common of police (Coaching).
Final 12 months, the power expanded its coaching capabilities by the appointment of Col Chandan Singh Rathore (retd) as senior canine coaching advisor, together with different specialists. Rathore had served within the Remount and Veterinary Corps, the formation answerable for coaching and breeding of all animals utilized by the Indian Military.
“A batch of 38 canines are actually in coaching right here. All of them are younger canine, between six months and two years outdated. The breeds we’ve got are Belgian shepherd (Malinois), German shepherd, labrador, doberman and one beagle,” mentioned Col Rathore, on the police kennel facility in Saijpur Bogha.
“There are 4 disciplines during which the canine are given specialised coaching: Assault canine, tracker canine, narcotics detection and explosives detection,” Rathore mentioned.
These canine are educated to assault targets corresponding to gunmen or comparable threats. “We’re at present utilizing Belgian shepherds on this position. They’re very good working canine. Whereas they’ve the suitable bodily attributes for this position, the place they shine is their temperament. They’re arduous working animals and have excessive ranges of intelligence and motivation, which is maybe crucial attribute.
“Assault canine can be utilized to storm rooms or homes during which an aggressor is hiding. They are going to then point out the place the aggressor is. They might additionally assault a gunman, and can latch on till given the order to launch by the handler. Within the Military canine are fitted with cameras after they storm a room, with the handler getting real-time video feed,” mentioned Rathore. Within the Gujarat Police power, assault canine are deployed with the Chetak commando items. They may also be utilized in crowd management work.
These canine are educated to smell out 19 totally different narcotic and psychotropic substances, together with marijuana, methamphetamines, cocaine, heroin, MDMA, PCP and others and their precursors. Such canine may be deployed at railway stations, bus depots or for the checking of shipments and packages. The Gujarat Police has at present seconded a few of its narcotics canine to the railway authorities as nicely.
Canine are educated to smell out 13 several types of explosives, corresponding to RDX, TNT, ammonium nitrate, Semtex, nitroglycerin, PETN, dynamite, nitrocellulose, black powder and potassium chlorate amongst others. Such canine are deployed with bomb detection and disposal squads or for VIP safety or for bomb sweeps of venues the place individuals are to assemble and many others. They’ll additionally sniff out individuals who’ve not too long ago dealt with explosives. On detecting explosives, the canine have been educated to present their handlers silent cues, to keep away from alerting any suspects within the neighborhood or to keep away from setting off sound-triggered explosive units. Labradors and beagles are getting used on this position.
These canines are educated to observe scent trails left by fugitives or for scent discrimination, that’s selecting out one particular person out of many, whose scent could also be on the scene of a criminal offense. As an example, if a theft has been dedicated and there are a number of suspects, the canine can sniff out the perpetrator from any article that gives a reference scent from the scene of the crime. Whereas following the scent path of a fugitive, if the canine comes throughout the goal, it’ll maintain latch on and never launch till commanded to by its handler.
Canine squad group
“The total power of our K9 squad is 158 canine and handlers. Thirty-two are presently deployed with the varied Bomb Detection and Disposal Squads (BDDS), six are with our Chetak commando items and the rest are distributed among the many state’s police commissionerates and district headquarters. We have now additionally offered some to the railways authorities. Other than coaching contemporary batches right here, we periodically convey again certified canine and handlers for 45-day refresher programs,” mentioned Sahay.